In this article I am going to tell you everything about SSL that what it is why we need it, technical and non technical aspects of SSL etc.. This article covers the introduction, SSL certificate, Encryption, process of encryption and how your browser interact and trust that certificate provided by the website you are visiting.
Existence of SSL
There are basically 2 aspects of SSl. One is Encryption and second is Identification. Now encryption is what you hide the content of the data sent from one machine to another machine. It is done by changing the content of the data in identical to garbage form which is human readable but not human understandable. It is exactly like speaking in different languages with what one person is not familiar. I am Indian if someone speaks in Russian language, it is not understandable by me. So here Russian language is like encrypted language for me. However if I get a translator and he/she translates that Russian language into Hindi then I can say that now that is understandable by me. So it is said that message has been decrypted. Identification is related to trust. In the previous scenario, how can I trust the translator who is converting Russian language to Hindi? Is she/he legitimate ? Can I trust him/her? In the digital world, it is something like this. Your machine has to trust the SSL certificate (security mechanism), provided by the website via an SSL certificate issuing vendor.